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Russia’s new great game

Russia is playing a new great game not only in south asia, but, also in east asia.The emerging new great game in likely to emergy new security partnership and alliances..No country has a permanent friend or enemy,when it comes to the condition of security and national interests.

RUSSIAN GREAT GAME IN AFGHANISTAN:

Russian relations with afghanistan have always been on an unstable trajectory.A number of interests have played role in contouring Russian relations with Afghanistan.one of the major interests of Russia in afghanistan,is access to warm water.Both countries have fought a long war in 20th century.

Russia is emerging as a great power.Russia has decided to redefine her relationship with Afghan taliban.Russia has already connected herself with afghanistan through railways and road.Russia is planning to get access toward “PERSIAN GULF” through “CHAHBAHAR”.But,the complition of chahbahar depends on the stability in the afghanistan.Russia has decided to establish stable relationship with taliban in order to get her purpose done.

RUSSIAN INTERESTS IN CENTAL ASIA

Russia is very much aware of the fact,that,if America manage to create her influence in central asia, that is a resource rich country,then,it will badly effect russian economy.Russia wants central Asain stated dependent on her.Thats why, Rusia is against the PROJECTVOF TAPI.

Afghanistan and central asian states are resource rich countries;so,these resourses will be control by the country who will have influence in this region.

RUSSIAN INTERESTS IN SOUTH ASIA

Russia has established amicable relationship with pakistan,as,it is imperative for Russia,because of her geostrategic location.

Rssia wants pakistan not to become the part of TAPI.Russia has offered pakistan to help her in completion of IP.

Russian and pakistan defense ties are increasing.

Though,Russia-china nexus involves many common intereests,and,both country have many mutual agreement.But,to counter china’s influence,Russia has decided to merge Eurasion economic union with CPEC.

EFFECT ON RUSSIAN GREAT GAME IN THE REGION:

Russia-iran nexus has made u.s.a increases military presence in afghanistan.

Indo-u.s.a nexus is on the verge to balance the power of china and Russia

U.S.A has decided to make her relations stable with pakistan,even,after,rhetorics of president trump.

President Trump is expected to visit china by next month and he is likely to attend ASEAN summit.

Offensive realism in 21th century

World is changing rapidly with growing geopolitical and geostrategical concerns of the countries.A number of theories have been given to explain system of the world.one the eminent theories is defensive realism.this theory is on the view that international system is “Anarchic”,so,states should increase their power to make themselves more secure and powerful.

Some of the important elements of this theory have been jotted down below;

1.compitition for maximum power

Structure of international system is composed of,both,smaller and great powers.though u.N has some sort of influence over countries but it has failed to stop major powers from invading smaller powers.such as invasion of Russia in georgia and intervention of America in vietnam.Major power are increasing their powers to create their hegemony even at the stake of interest’s of smaller powers.even though,such a race to increase security dilemma;still,major power are on the way to create their hegemony.

2.international syatem is anarchic

Offensive realist,are of the view that international system is anarchic.so it is imperative for the countries to make them more powerful in order to prevent external involvement in their natiinal affairs,and to create hegemony over others.

let us take the example of middle east.Dinald trump has decided to increase american involvement in order to pursue power seeking tactics.it has played a major role in the contour of american policy.

3.uncertainty of states action.

Realists,are of the view that actions of states cannot be determined.every new presedent comes up with new policies.so,in order to avoid any risk of uncertainties,countries should be capable enough to survive in any kind of anarchic system.

4.Capabilities of states.

State must be capable enough-in terms of military,economic,geographical position,resources-to pursue her power seeking goals.China is not only increasing her military capabilites but also economic capabilities to make herself secure.

Palestine-israel:recent developments.

The issue of israel and palestine is not a new one.Starting from “BELFORD DECELERATION”,it has been gone through different stages, in order to bring peace and stability in the region.There have been alot of efforts to start the process of reconciliation between israel and palestine;but,issues still remains unresolved.

Now,many things have been changed.if we look at the map of israel-palestine,then, we wil analyze,how much the position if israel and palestine have been changed.

Considering the current geographical position of both states,IS THERE REALLY ANY POSIBILITY OF TWO STATE SOLUTION? I Doubt over it.

If palestinians really want to bring peace and stability,then, they will have to unite.there are many pulpable divergence between HAMAS and FATAH.they are too indulge in there squabbles to bring peace in the region.if they really want independent state then,they will have to think of some mutually acceptable paradigms that can lead them towards achieving their goal.

A recent effort by the Egypt to bring both parties,HAMAS and FATAH,on the table remained successful.there is a dire need to draw adequate measures in order to bring stability in the region.Both groups,will have to accept that present geographical position of israel and palestine has been changed.around,80% area is under control of israel.palestinian should not relinquish the fact that they are dependent on israel for import.

On the other hand,israel should not denounce the fact that,this issue cannot be solved without bringing palestinians on the talks table.

israel should try to make palestinians economically stable rather than using force to convice them to accept demands of the former.

israel should develop economic and industrial zones for palestinians.

If israel will work to bring agriucultural advancement in the region,it can lower down the grudges of palestian people who are fed of this never ending fight.

Israeli natural gas should be deluvered to palestinians-Gaza,west bank.

Military solution or deterence is not a permanent solution;both will have to solve this issue diplomatically,in order to bring peace in the region.

BRICS:stronger partnershiop for brighter future

BRICS held its 9th summit this year, in china.though,it is an intergovernmental organization,formed on the principles of mutual trust and mutual agreement;but,has been encountring many issues since it formed.Basic objectives of this organization are based on the concepts of mutual trust,mutual trade agreements and cooperation,technological developments,climate change, to replace the u.S.A in leading world economy,western domination to the world affairs and counterweight to G7.
Why Brics is encountring so many issues.

1.disputes between china and india over the issue of boarder-such as dokhlam

2.brazile is going through economic issue

3.south africa is not much stable economically.

What was discussed in 9th summit.

1.accused pakistan(indirectly) of proving shelters to terrorist;discussed about ladhkir e taiba,jaish e Muhammadi and haqqani network.

2.discussed about north korea

3.india call for the creation of creding rationg agencies.

4.issues related to climate change

5.trade investments

6.related to unfrustructural development

Suggestion.

If,BRIcs countries want to make their vision successful,then,they will have to set their differences at the side.Regional organization cannot be resulted into lucrative outcomes,untill,there is trust and mutual cooperation.

Changing world order and new problems:an overview

Our world has gone through different stages.As realists believe,Human nature is power seeking,so,it could be analyzed in the perspectives of changing dynamics of world order.offensive realism has become a glaring phenomenon in the foreign policies of major power-such as china and U.S.A.

At the end of WWII,world entered into a system bipolarity,that remained dominented till the end of cold war.After the demise of ussR,America emerged as sole super power.now,with the emergence of china,economic globalization and rejuvination of Russia,world has entered into the system of multipolarity.

This system of multipolarity,seems better,as it maintains a balance in the world system.But,many glaring issues have started arising new problems that are needed to be solved.A wide gap,between new arising issues-such as populism,anti globalization issues,nuclear prolification issues,chaoes in middle east,rogue states,refugees crisis-and steps to solve these issues have created a dilemma for the new world order.

What could be done?

Sino-anerica bilateral stategic measures have alot to do in this regard;as,both are biggest economies.They should set their difference at the side,and will have to draw proper policies in order to take the world at a stable position.only,earnest efforts of big powers could make this world a better place.

Make america great again                    vs                               making china great again

Many analysts have been writting about china’s global aspiration as u.s.a turns inward.But,we need to know how is it really happening.

President trump vows to make america great again.but,instead of making it great,Mr.president is on a way to make it inward and isolated.Though,isolation was one of the objectives of “Monro Doctrine”.And, has been followed till the end of first world war,but,Mr.president will have to realize that,at the time of isolation,America was not super power.President wilson managed to pull it out of isolation and resultantly,America started traveling towards the destination of power.American increaed involvement in world affairs started to make sure his stay at the chair of most powerful nation-state.During cold war,american policies were followed by “truman doctrine” and “Marshal Plan”, latter one was based on the policy to provide aid to the war ravaged countries.According to an eminent writer,”if america had not started Marshal plan,European countries could have stand on there feet sooner”.One of the impacts of Marshal plan was that it increased depandance of European countries on America;and,resultantly,America became more dominate country.American politcies during cold war era, were based on making alliances.American policies were so strong that finally Gorbachev had to start new policies-such as “perestriokal” and “Glassnost”.policies of Reagon,bush senior,clinton,bush and obama were not based on Isolation.Now Question arises,what makes Donald Trump follow a policy based on isolation?will it work at the time when our world has become a global village?or is it just to pursue power goals of president trump? Many controversies have been linked to this discussion, but, latter one makes more sense.

On the other hand,china is on the way to replace America at the stage of most powerful country.

How china is doing it?

1.china has started showing involvement in afghanistan

2.Belt and road initiative 

3.china has shunned blithely the ruling of international court over the issue of south china sea and its islands

4.china has decided not to compromise over disputed island of south china sea-paracel,spratly,scarboroshole

5.America cannot resolve north korean issue without willingness and help of china

6.despite,having imposed sanction on north korea by U.N.O,china still doing trade with N.Korea because it is in the interests of china.

7.china has started increasing defense capabilities.

In a nutshell,America seems to move backward and china ia ready to move forward.

The social impacts of terrorism

Terrorism is not only a curse,but also a menace which is needed to be dissipated completely.

Terrorism has paralyzed our life in a way that not only affected us psychologically but also socially and emotionally.terrorism not only creates a fear in our mind but also makes us stay at home untill we feel secure enough to go out.one of the many ravages of terrorism is poverty that has increased unemployment, and has dearth the progress of our country.terrorism has increased the element of intolerance in our country.intolerance not only increases domestic violence but also makes us think negatively about every aspect of our life.terrorism has increased the rate of illiteracy in our society.Many people feel reluctant to send their childern to school since terrorists have adopted a strategy to attack on schools.youth is considered one of the major pillors of a society,but terrorism has made them bound,reluctant and insecure.terrorism has badly affected tourism that was once a major source of revenue collection and a sign of peace and stability.Tourists feel reluctant to visit a country that is under attack of terrorism.so,it badly affects the image of a country and make citizens feel insecure.